The ancient city of Ephesus, one of the most important centers of civilization, culture, science and art, is located in the borders of Selçuk district of İzmir. Every year, approximately 1.5 million people visited the excavations in the ancient city of Ephesus in Turkey's most beautiful ancient cities are located in more than 100 years continues. Celcus Library, Slope Houses, Antique Theater, King's Road and numerous archaeological sites, each of which is a magnificent architectural masterpiece, are the most attractive buildings in Ephesus.
Let's see the list of best place to visit in Ephesus;
There are two entrances to the ancient city of Ephesus. Check in at the upper door of Ephesus, and start exploring the majestic heritage of the ancient city. You need to take at least 3 hours to visit the city.
Ephesus is an invaluable treasure with every inch of it, such as The Temple of Artemis, Ancient Theater of Ephesus, Library of Celsus, House of the Virgin Mary and Cave of the Seven Sleepers.
The Temple of Artemis
No one has described the temple as well as by the Antipatch of Sidon. He described...
I saw the wall of the glorious Babylonian road for the chariots and the statue of the Zeus in Alpheus and the graveyard gardens, and the colossus of the sun and the colossal craftsmanship of the high pyramids...
The Great Theater of Ephesus
This theater, which is the largest open-air theater of the ancient period, can accommodate a total of 24,000 people. The theater's scene is unfortunately destroyed, but the seating areas are in good condition. This theater is the most important work in the name of Christianity because it is the place where St.Paul's sermons take place apart from being the biggest theater.
Library of Celsus
Perhaps the most beautiful building in Ephesus. Celsus Library M.S. It was built by his son in the name of Celsius, who died in 106 BC. While the library is a two-story building from the outside, it is a single-story building with high ceilings.
Ephesus Slope Houses
The house is built on 4000 m² area where the rich and nobles of Ephesus are located and each house has a courtyard. The houses are so luxurious compared to the period they were warming up with underfloor heating.
The House of the Virgin Mary
This is the church where Virgin Mary spent her final years with St. John. The presence of this church has a very interesting story.
Anna Katharina Emmerick, who lives in a German village, has a relentless disease. After getting caught, the patient starts to give very consistent information...
Cave of the Seven Sleepers
With the spread of Christianity, seven people who first accepted the religion escaped the persecution of the Roman Emperor, including a shepherd. Shepherd takes these people to a cave on the foothills of Mount Panayır near Ephesus...
During the period, city council meetings, theater, and competitions were held in places called Odeon.
Odeon in the Ancient City of Ephesus is a theater-shaped 1400-person area. Today it hosts classical music concerts and jazz festivals. Feel the healing and integrative effect of music by sitting in line with the ancient civilizations of the ancient city.
The Prytaneion of Ephesus
The City Hall (prytaneion) is a place where diplomatic relations with the city administration are carried out and the halls are equipped with god and emperor statues.
Temple of Domitian
The Domitian Temple is on the road from Odeon to the entrance of Kuretler Street.
The Ephesians built this temple to show their gratitude to the facilities provided by Emperor Domitian. Domitian was the first emperor who made a temple on behalf of Ephesus.
Temple of Hadrian
It is one of the rare buildings of the city which has reached the present day from ancient times. There are interesting reliefs depicting the founding myth of Ephesus on the door.
Ephesus Marble Road
Marble Street provides transportation between the Celsus Library and Odeon.
Pedestrians are not forgotten on the street where cars are used. The high platform on the side of the road serves as the same sidewalk.
Ephesus Brothel (Love House)
Love House, which is the favorite place of the sailors coming to Ephesus, is located at the intersection of Kuretler Street and Marble Street.
The house has a connection to a secret gate to both the Celsus Library and the Skolastika Bath.
Ephesus Ancient City History
The ancient city of Ephesus is home of the Temple of Artemis, which is one of the 7 wonders of the world, is one of the most famous, most visited places in the world.
Ephesus, one of the largest ancient cities of the Mediterranean world, is an entirely unique city. It has the most refined and improved architecture and urban planning examples from different periods. Ephesus, which was visited today, was founded by Lysimakhos, one of the successors of Alexander the Great, in the valley between Panayir and Bulbul Mountains in 300 BC. Ephesus, which has one of the biggest ports of the period, was included in Roman territory in 133 BC. As the main political, commercial and religious center, it was the capital of the Asia Minor province in the 5th and 6th centuries.
It is said that Ephesus was first founded by female warriors who were called amazons in history and even came from Apasas, a city of Arzawa (Mother Goddess City) Kingdom. Although there is no clear information about this period, it is thought that the locals lived in this region for many years.
Where is Ephesus?, Location of Ephesus in Turkey
Ephesus, Turkey Selcuk district of Izmir on the Aegean coast in the ancient city of Ephesus Roman, Greek and contains the breeze of different civilizations, including Turkey.
How to Get Ephesus
- 541 kilometers between Istanbul and central Ephesus, 6 hours and 20 minutes.
- Ankara, Ephesus 620 km 7 hours 20 minutes,
- 80 km 55 km away from the center of Izmir, Ephesus,
- Aydin, Ephesus between 130 km 2 hours and 10 minutes.
The most convenient transportation option for tourists coming from abroad is to come to Izmir or Kusadasi Airport by plane.
After you get off at Izmir or Kusadasi airport, you can reach to Efes by agreement with a transfer company. Price of transfer is approximately 150-250 Turkish Lira.
The other best option is to start your journey from Istanbul. In Istanbul, where you can find many agents to plan your trip to Ephesus, you can get a tour package that includes the tour package and tranfsers. It will be more comfortable for you.